Geologic investigations of underground coal mining problems by C. M. McCulloch

Cover of: Geologic investigations of underground coal mining problems | C. M. McCulloch

Published by Bureau of Mines in [Washington] .

Written in English

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  • Coal mines and mining.

Edition Notes

Bibliography: p. 27.

Book details

Statementby C. M. McCulloch, P. W. Jeran, and C. D. Sullivan.
SeriesReport of investigations -- 8022
ContributionsJeran, P. W. joint author., Sullivan, C. D., joint author., United States. Bureau of Mines
The Physical Object
Paginationii, 30 p. :
Number of Pages30
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL22418983M

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Geologic investigations of underground coal mining problems ii, 30 p. (OCoLC) Online version: McCulloch, C.M. (Charles M.). Geologic investigations of underground coal mining problems.

[Washington]: Bureau of Mines, [] (OCoLC) Online version: McCulloch, C.M. (Charles M.). Geologic investigations of underground coal mining. A series of geological surveys were completed in six coal mines in connection with a Bureau of Mines research program on methane control.

The aim of these surveys was two fold: first, to study the overall geology of the coalbed, and second, to use the resulting data to evaluate the influence of the geological characteristics of the coalbed on safe and efficient coal extraction.

GEOLOGIC INVESTIGATIONS OF UNDERGROUND COAL MINING PROBLEMS by C. McCul loch, 1 P. Jeran, 1 and C. Sul l ivan2 ABSTRACT A series of geological surveys were completed in six coal mines in connection with a Bureau of Mines research program on methane by: 6.

This report explains the advantages of geologic maps and fence diagrams in coal mining and how the knowledge gained from such geologic investigations of mines can help control many underground problems. Additional Physical Format: McCulloch, C.M.

(Charles M.). Geologic investigations of underground coal mining problems ii, 30 p. (OCoLC) Material Type. This paper covers geologic exploratory methods, data organization, and the value of collecting and interpreting geologic information in coal mines to enhance safety and production.

The implementation of the methods described above has been proven effective in predicting and mitigating adverse geologic conditions in underground coal : Mark Van Dyke, Ted Klemetti, Joe Wickline.

Underground coal mining is the extraction of coal from below the surface of the earth. The coal is worked through tunnels, passages, and openings that are connected to the surface for the purpose of the removal of the coal.

Mechanical equipment breaks the coal to. @article{osti_, title = {Geologic factors affecting coal mine roof stability in the eastern United States}, author = {Kane, W F and Milici, R C and Gathright, II, T M}, abstractNote = {Roof falls in underground coal mines are a continuing source of trouble for mine operators.

Fatalities and injuries are a prominent concern, but lost time due to cleanup and disruption of mining. "Major problems facing the development of coal and gas resources of the Hartshorne Coalbeds include the complex distribution of minable and unminable coal, high methane content and bed pressure, faulting, variations in degree of dip, presence of natural gas fields in associated sandstones, and legal problems, caused by local geologic characteristics, in identifying gas Cited by: 3.

@article{osti_, title = {Geology in coal resource utilization}, author = {Peters, D.C.}, abstractNote = {The 37 papers in this book were compiled with an overriding theme in mind: to provide the coal industry with a comprehensive source of information on how geology and geologic concepts can be applied to the many facets of coal resource location, extraction, and.

The U.S. coal industry serves a vital role in the nation’s economy by producing fuel for more than half of its electricity. Despite the industry’s importance, industry financial data for —the strongest year for the coal industry in recent years—shows that it is a relatively small industry with revenues totaling $20 billion to $25 billion and net income between $1 billion and $2.

The geology of Pittsburgh coal: Stratigraphy, petrology, origin and composition, and geologic interpretation of mining problems (West Virginia. Economic Survey. Report of investigations) [Cross, Aureal T] on *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. The geology of Pittsburgh coal: Stratigraphy, petrology, origin and composition, and geologic interpretation of Author: Aureal T Cross.

Other underground coal mines are laid out in a checkerboard of rooms and pillars (Fig. 2), and the mining operation involves cyclical, step by-step mining sequences.

The rooms are the empty areas from which coal has been mined, and the pillars are blocks of coal (generally 40 to 80 feet on a side) left to support the mine Size: KB. Miners face numerous problems in the process of underground coal extraction such as high temperature, humidity, coal and silica dusts, harmful gases, the rock stresses, and the disturbance due to.

Geology in Coal Mining 8. Open-cut Mining Open-cut Mine Design Geological investigations for open-cut mines Open-cut Geological Techniques 9. Underground Mining Underground Mining Methods Geology in Underground Mining Stress and Deformation around Mine Openings Gas in Coal Seams Subsidence over Mine WorkingsFile Size: KB.

Mining investigations. GeoCon have a vast experience in designing and undertaking mining investigations. Coal mining has been an influencing part of history and industry over the last years and the impact that it has left is also quite extensive.

Mainly affecting developments in areas of former coal workings. Stanford Libraries' official online search tool for books, media, journals, databases, government documents and more. The geologic conditions as well as underground mine geographic specifications, roof fall analysis, mining method, utilized supplemental roof control measures, and geotechnical properties of.

In general, wherever the roof rock type in a mine changes abruptly, the presence of adverse geologic structure and chang- ing roof bolt anchorage characteristics should be suspected. Coal Rolls In western underground coal mines, a coal roll, as defined by Bunnell (25), is "an undulation in the coal seam.".

The influence of discontinuities on coal measures is manifested in the form of roof and side falls, caving of the roof and sometimes in subsidence of the ground surface.

This review paper is confined to roof falls due to major geological discontinuities (such as faults, joints, cleats and bedding planes) and to possible ways and means to prevent these falls. Faults with an Cited by: 2.

ties between andcompared to the average yearly totals from to (NIOSH, a). The Mining Program has also identified four intermediate goals and performance measures in this research area, summarized in Table The committee assumes that the goals as stated are considered by the program as intermediate milestones toward its ultimate goal of.

The importance of both geological structures and mining induced stress fractures on the hangingwall stability in a deep level gold mine by G.B.

Quaye and G. Guler* Synopsis The deep level gold mining environment is characterized by high stresses that give rise to intense mining induced fracturing of the rock mass surrounding the stopes.

Underground mining: Complicated problems, simple solutions. At Xstrata Coal Queensland's Newlands underground coal mine, the traditional solution for. Mining. Coal is mined by both surface or ‘opencut’ (or opencast) and underground or ‘deep’ mining methods, depending on the local geology of the deposit.

Underground mining currently accounts for about 60 per cent of world coal production but around 80 per cent of Australia’s coal is produced from opencut mines.

The ground-water system and possible effects of underground coal mining in the Trail Mountain area, central Utah. (Geological Survey water-supply paper ) "Prepared in cooperation with the U.S. Bureau of Land Management." Bibliography 32 p. Supt. of Docs. No.: I 1. Water, Underground Utah Wasatch Plateau.

by: 7. A year ago April, America suffered its worst mining disaster in 40 years with the explosion at Massey Energy’s Upper Big Branch mine in West Virginia on April 5, that resulted in the death of 29 coal miners.

Image: Breaking news alert about mine explosion on April 5, T he Geological Survey of Alabama, established inprovides service and information to Alabama and its citizens as a natural resource data gathering and research agency.

As part of its mission, GSA explores and evaluates the mineral, water, energy, biological, and other natural resources of the State of Alabama and conducts basic and applied research in these fields.

The environmental toll of underground mining is significant. It includes air pollution, changes in water-flow patterns, chemical and gas seepage into water supplies and soil, inaccessible fires in abandoned mines, and dramatic changes in land composition that can make the area unusable after the mining operation is done [source: Saxena].

Then there is the human : Julia Layton. Coal mines and mining -- Environmental aspects. See also what's at your library, or elsewhere. Broader terms: Coal mines and mining; Energy industries -- Environmental aspects; Mi. Coal mining is the process of extracting coal from the ground. Coal is valued for its energy content and since the s, has been widely used to generate electricity.

Steel and cement industries use coal as a fuel for extraction of iron from iron ore and for cement production.

In the United Kingdom and South Africa, a coal mine and its structures are a colliery, a coal mine is a pit. Coal is the most abundant fossil fuel on Earth. Its predominant use has always been for producing heat energy. It was the basic energy source that fueled the Industrial Revolution of the 18th and 19th centuries, and the industrial growth of that era in turn supported the large-scale exploitation of coal deposits.

Falls of roof continue to be a major hazard in underground coal mining. This study exami reportable noninjury roof falls that occurred from to in room-and-pillar operations in the bituminous coal sector. An average of 1, falls were reported per year during the study period.

Key findings include the following:Cited by: 2. The International Journal of Coal Geology deals with fundamental and applied aspects of the geology and petrology of coal, oil/gas source rocks and shale gas resources.

The journal aims to advance the exploration, exploitation and utilization of these resources, and to stimulate environmental awareness. Coal Geology, second edition, offers a thoroughly revised and updated edition of this popular book which provides a comprehensive overview of the field of coal geology.

Coal Geology covers all aspects of coal geology in one volume, bridging the gap between the academic aspects and the practical role of geology in the coal industry. The object of the book is to provide the reader 4/5(1). Drilling boreholes into the coal seam (possibly also in adjacent seams) prior to mining and connecting these to a pipe range to remove any gas to a place where it can be dealt with, most commonly the surface.

Usually a vacuum is applied to the pipe range to enhance gas capture. This process is known as "pre-drainage". View Underground Coal Mining Research Papers on for free. Underground Mining methods study guide by fransterz includes 16 questions covering vocabulary, terms and more.

Quizlet flashcards, activities and games help you improve your grades. • Most popular underground mining method in us for non-coal operations • can be adapted to dipping seams (pitch mining) or very thick seams (bench mining).

the mining process The Mining Process Once a mining lease has been awarded to an operator, exploration (i.e. evaluation of the resource) takes place, followed by a planning and development process before excavation or mining begins.

geologic,physical,environmental,economic,and legal circumstances that pertain to the ore deposit being mined. Mining is never properly done in isolation,nor is it an entity in itself. It is preceded by geologic investigations that locate the deposit and economic analyses that prove it financially feasible.

Following extraction of the fuel. Longwall mines produce more than 30 pct of all underground coal, up from 5 pct just 15 years ago.

The continued growth of longwall mining without appropriate multiple-seam planning may increase the cost and risk of mining. Optimization of the mine design factors is arguably the primary means for controlling interactions between operations. Report of Investigation, Underground Coal Mine Fire, Wilberg Mine: I.D.

No.Emery Mining Corporation, Orangeville, Emery County, Utah, Decem I2* 2 Types of Mine Entryways Used in Large Underground Coal Mines, 26 3 Water Use in Coal-Bearing Counties of the Eastern States 51 k Selected Discharges From Active Underground Coal Mines in Western Pennsylvania 86 5 Classification of Legal Cases Involving Coal Mining and Related Water Problems 92 6 Mean Concentrations of Key."Environmental impacts of coal mining and associated wastes: a geochemical perspective", Energy, Waste and the Environment: a Geochemical Perspective, R.

Gieré, P. Stille This book provides incentives for further development of sustainable fuel cycles through a novel and interdisciplinary approach to an Earth science-related topic. The.

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